What Is Gingivoplasty?

What Is Gingivoplasty?

Gingivoplasty is the restoration of the deformities in healthy gums to a natural, aesthetic and beautiful appearance with surgical interventions. It is among the important treatment methods that support smile design.

The gum surrounds the teeth and supports their attachment to the upper and lower jaw bones. The gum may not be symmetrical, regular or aesthetic in its placement in the mouth due to reasons such as hereditary, disease or trauma effects. Gingivoplasty is an aesthetic treatment method applied to the healthy gums of single or all teeth, especially on the front teeth that become prominent when laughing.

If there are periodontal diseases in the gums, these diseases should be treated first. The treatment of gum disorders is performed by periodontist dentists who are specialized in their field.

Excessive gum tissue causes pockets and gaps between the teeth. The fact that some of the teeth appear smaller or larger than normal, and the points where the teeth and gums meet are not on the same line on all teeth is directly related to the aesthetic appearance of the gums.

Irregularities in the aesthetic appearance of the gums make people feel bad, especially in social relationships. If there is an image on the gum line that disrupts the natural aesthetic appearance, patients can have healthy and beautiful smiles immediately after short-term treatment with Gingivoplasty treatment. It makes patients feel psychologically better and happier while talking and laughing.

A thorough mouth cleaning is performed before the treatment. If there are plaques formed between the teeth and gums, they are cleaned. The teeth to be treated are scaled. Then local anesthesia is applied to the area where the surgical intervention will be performed. Periodontists can use soft tissue laser, electrosurgery or scalpel methods for gingival aesthetics. Gum incisions are completed in as little as 10-15 minutes. Short-term tooth sensitivity may occur after the local anesthetic effect wears off.

After the gum tissue is aesthetically shaped, it is covered with periodontal dressing for faster healing of the gum. The dressing is left on the treated area for 1-2 weeks. During this time, the dentist advises the patient to eat soft, spice-free, non-hard foods and to take care of oral care with a soft toothbrush. The patient is reminded not to touch the treated area with a toothbrush. After the dressing is removed, the dentist’s recommendations regarding diet and oral care should be followed. Healing is completed in about 3 weeks, taking into account the dentist’s post-treatment warnings. However, it may take up to 3 months for the gum tissue to heal completely.