Tooth extraction is a treatment procedure used in cases of severe decay and damage, where the tooth is completely removed from the jaw. Tooth extraction is performed in two main types: simple and surgical extraction. The extraction procedure has a significant impact on the healing process.
A simple extraction is performed if the tooth is in a visible and easy-to-access location and there are no other complications. When performing a simple extraction, local anesthesia is sufficient to numb the area. The tooth is loosened and removed with the help of a device.
A more complex extraction procedure is needed if the tooth is impacted, has extensive decay or fractures. In most cases, surgical extraction is performed using sedation, a simple sleeping technique in addition to local anesthesia. A small incision is made in the gum to access the tooth. The tooth is removed and the incision is closed with a suture.
The recovery period after tooth extraction is usually very short. In cases where the tooth extraction is performed surgically, the healing process may take a little longer. After simple tooth extraction, it is possible to return to daily life within 1-2 days. In surgical tooth extraction, this process may take up to 3-4 days.
The gum heals completely in approximately 3-4 weeks. Mild discomfort may be felt during this period. The dentist may prescribe a painkiller to reduce pain and discomfort.
After tooth extraction, only soft foods should be eaten until the healing process is complete. Avoid excessively hot and cold drinks for a few days. During this time, smoking and strenuous activities such as exercise should be avoided.
Dentists prefer to save natural teeth whenever possible. In advanced cases, restorative methods such as dental fillings, dental veneers and dental crowns are not sufficient. In this case, the only solution may be tooth extraction.
Tooth extraction reduces bacteria that can damage teeth and gums. This helps to improve overall oral health.
Tooth extraction is a quick and easy procedure thanks to modern dental technologies and local anesthesia. Some bleeding, swelling and pain after tooth extraction is normal. It is important to follow the dentist’s instructions to speed up the healing process.