Wisdom teeth are the last permanent teeth to erupt in the back of the mouth. It usually occurs between the ages of 17 and 25. When teeth come out, there is often not enough room for them to grow properly. So it can cause some dental problems.
Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last molars at the back of the mouth. Humans typically have four wisdom teeth. Two are in the lower part of the mouth and two are in the upper part.
The purpose of wisdom teeth is to help chew food like other molars. The number, appearance and duration of wisdom teeth differ from person to person. In some people, these teeth may not come out at all.
Extra care should be taken in the care of wisdom teeth to prevent decay, pain and infection. While brushing the teeth, make sure that the brush tip extends all the way to the back. Especially between the wisdom teeth and the adjacent teeth should be cleaned with the help of dental floss.
When teeth come out, there is often not enough room for them to grow properly. For this reason, it can cause some dental problems such as pain, sensitivity, tooth decay, swelling, abscess, infection and damage to other teeth. Even if the wisdom teeth are not impacted, overcrowding in the mouth can cause general oral health problems.
Impacted wisdom teeth may not be seen as a problem because they do not fully erupt from the gums. Partially or completely impacted wisdom teeth begin to grow, pushing out other teeth. This can cause damage and pain to the teeth. It can also increase the risk of gum disease and infection.
Wisdom tooth extraction is necessary in most cases. Wisdom teeth are extracted to create more space in the mouth, to prevent damage to the gums and adjacent teeth, and to reduce the risk of oral infection. Many dentists recommend removing wisdom teeth for preventive reasons, even if there is no discomfort.
Wisdom tooth removal can be a simple or complex procedure, depending on the shape and position of the teeth. During the examination, a comprehensive oral examination is performed and a dental x-ray is taken. Extraction of wisdom teeth is usually done using local anesthesia. In some cases, a local anesthetic and sedative can be used together. General anesthesia may be required in cases requiring complex surgery.
If there is no pain, sensitivity or other problem with wisdom teeth, oral health care and regular dentist visits should be continued. The dentist makes the best decision about whether wisdom teeth need to be extracted.