What Is Deep Cleaning?

What Is Deep Cleaning?

Deep cleaning is a treatment method recommended by the dentist to prevent tartar that forms between the teeth and gums from moving below the gum line and causing periodontal diseases.

Periodontal diseases cause damage to the jawbone and gum tissue surrounding the teeth and cause pockets to form around the teeth.

Bacterial plaques, also known as biofilm, are formed on natural or implant teeth, above or below the gum line, due to the consumption of sugar and carbohydrate-containing foods. The transparent, sticky biofilm structures, which are invisible to the eye, calcify over time by combining with the minerals in the food consumed and saliva. Tartar is the calcified biofilm layer.

Since tartar accumulation in the pockets formed between the gums and teeth can cause many dental problems, it should be cleaned by a specialist dentist. If tartar is not cleaned, there are consequences that can lead to tooth loss.

Tartar can form when oral care is not taken care of or due to possible gum diseases. Tartar, which settles in pockets larger than 3 mm between the tooth and gum and begins to approach the tooth root, should be cleaned as it indicates that a risk is beginning to occur.

Patients who do not receive treatment in the early period usually request an examination with the complaints of bleeding gums, swelling in the gums, tooth infection, gum infection, weakening of the tooth roots by separating from the gums, pain while chewing, sensitive teeth, receding gum line, bad breath, staining and discoloration of the teeth. After a general examination by the dentist, a deep cleaning treatment suitable for the patient’s condition is recommended.

The technological, professional devices and materials used in deep cleaning do not harm the natural or implant teeth and gums that have undergone aesthetic, prosthetic treatment. Deep cleaning aims to remove tartar around the teeth and above and below the gum line. Since physical force is applied in deep cleaning using old devices, there is a possibility of scratching the tooth during the treatment.

The treatment consists of a minimum of 2 sessions, depending on the patient’s condition. X-rays will be taken to determine the extent of the damage to the tooth and bone and whether the cleaning process will lead to tooth loss. Local anesthesia is applied to prevent pain during cleaning.

First of all, tooth dying is performed to show the biofilms on the tooth. In this way, the invisible biofilm layer can be made visible and the cleaning stage can be started.

By spraying an antimicrobial solution adjusted to the appropriate temperature with professional tools, all biofilm layer on the tooth and early tartars are destroyed. Hardened tartar located above and below the gum line can be loosened and painlessly cleaned with a device that has ultrasonic vibration and sprays solution. Thanks to the ultrasonic vibration method, tartar in inaccessible areas can be easily removed.

It is expected that the pockets cleared of biofilm and tartar will close and the gum will be tightly attached to the tooth. To avoid the need for deep cleaning again, care should be taken with oral care and the foods consumed.

There may be bleeding, pain and sensitivity in the gums for about a week after the cleaning process. During this period, teeth and gums should be treated more sensitively.

On the control date determined by the dentist, it should be measured whether the pockets have shrunk and a general examination should be performed.