Grafting can be performed on skin, bone, nerve, tendon, tendon, blood vessels, fat and cornea tissues. Dental bone grafting is a surgical procedure in which bone tissue with no blood circulation is grafted with live bone tissue and blood circulation increases over time and tissue repair is provided.
Oral diseases can grow rapidly due to jaw bone development problems, gum diseases, trauma, the cavity formed by gum recession after a while in the extracted tooth area and weak tooth root attachment. Over time, bone tissue is adversely affected and bone resorption occurs.
Simple bone resorption can be treated with bone powder produced from synthetic, animal and human origin. Advanced bone resorption leads to deterioration of aesthetic appearance and various health problems in the upper and lower jaw. In dental implant treatment, if the strength of the jawbone ground on which the implant will be attached is insufficient, bone grafting is applied to increase the amount of bone.
In order to regenerate degraded bone tissue, the bone graft is supported by tissue samples from the patient’s own body, the cadaver of another person, suitable animal species or synthetically produced tissue samples.
Bone graft treatment is performed by a dentist, orthodontist or oral surgeon specialised in the field. In order to determine the loss of bone tissue, the patient is examined by the specialist dentist and jaw, mouth x-rays and scans are created. Appropriate treatment planning is made for the patient.
At the end of the treatment preparation stages, local anesthesia is generally preferred according to the examination and analysis of the patient, while sedation or general anesthesia may be preferred depending on the patient’s condition.
After the bone graft is applied, pain, swelling, bruising, non-fusion of bone tissue, infection and anesthesia side effects may be encountered. These problems are controlled by the dentist with additional treatments and recommended medication intake and resolved in a short time. If there are signs of infection, severe pain, swelling and high fever in the treated area, urgent intervention of the dentist is required.
The jaw bone tissue is completely fused within 3-9 months after the treatment is completed. During the repair of the bone tissue, impact to the treated area should be avoided and hard and chewy foods should not be consumed. If the medications given by the dentist are used regularly to prevent possible infections and the necessary care is taken, bone tissue repairs are completed quickly.
Periodic checks by the dentist at certain intervals are necessary for the healthy progress of the treatment process. When the jawbone is completely strengthened, it is made ready for dental implants or other treatments.