Dental implants are tissue compatible special titanium alloys, which are used to complete the void of a tooth by implementing in the jawbone. It has been used in dentistry for 35 years and its use of areas is expanding for the patient’s advantage with each passing day as the material technology progresses.
A Dental implant is a specially designed screw-like and bio-compatible material, which correlates with the bone tissue in a process called osseointegration after it is implemented in the jawbone. A healthy integration process may vary from three weeks to nine months depending on the implant’s surface structure. Implants have a lifetime guarantee.
Who -in which situations- are eligible for dental implants?
If you have a missing tooth and using a denture, you can change your denture to a fixed porcelain crown with the implant application or you can increase your denture to a steady one and gain a more comfortable experience.
If you have one or more teeth lost due to tooth decay or trauma, it is possible to compensate both aesthetic and functional loss by placing an implant in these cavities. Implants placed for local tooth loss will also protect your neighboring teeth from getting damaged. It also prevents your jawbone in the toothless region from dissolving and collapsing over time, making you look older than you are.
How does the implant application occur?
Before applying an implant 2D and 3D images are obtained by using a panoramic x-ray and a ct-scan, which provides the state of the density of the jawbone and the bone level of the patient. Additionally, the relation of the maxillary sinus and the bone is evaluated. Bone volume is an important factor determining the size of the implant that will be used. In cases where the maxillary sinus prolapses a sinus elevation is done to create space for the implants.
Implant operations are performed with the use of local anesthesia, antibiotics and painkillers are prescribed after the operation if needed. Swelling and pain should occur at a minimum with the right post-operation care. It is necessary for patients to apply a cold compress for the next twelve hours post-operation to prevent swelling and other complaints that may occur.
How long will it take to reassemble my teeth after the implant is applied?
- The fusion process of the implants and the tissue will be affected by several different factors:
- The process will take about four to six months if the patient is diabetic.
- The ideal waiting period is three months in a healthy patient.
- If the bone quality is low and a bone graft is applied during the procedure, the ideal waiting period is four to six months.
- If a sinus elevation procedure is done due to prolapsed sinuses or an open sinus lifting is done, the ideal waiting period is four to six months.
Changes made on the implant surfaces as the applicable technologies are changed and evolved. With the help of a new technology, active surface structured implant applications have reduced the waiting time in healthy individuals for up to three weeks.
At the end of the ideal period set for the patient, the soft tissue is opened with the use of local anesthesia to expose the implant surface and healing caps are applied. After five days of waiting period for the tissue to heal the planned upper structure procedure starts. After upper structure applications are done and the patient receives the fixed porcelain crown or dentures the implants will have a lifelong usage as your own teeth if the hygiene procedures explained by the physician are followed.